Search warrants shall be drawn up by investigating officers or supervisors. If any doubt exists as to probable cause for the warrant, a city or county attorney shall be contacted for assistance. Officers shall follow all listed requirements on the warrant including serving a copy of warrants and inventory receipts to the affected parties.
Search and/or arrest warrants shall be executed in accordance with Minn. Stat. §626.15. A warrant can only be executed between 0700 hours and 2000 hours, unless the court authorizes a nighttime search outside of these hours. Whenever feasible, uniformed officers shall be present during the execution of any warrant. Investigators shall use the available SWAT Team (Special Weapons and Tactics) on all high-risk warrants. (See Volume 9, section on Planned Arrest and Search Warrant Procedures for more details). (08/08/07)
The presence of media or other third parties during the execution of a warrant is prohibited unless their presence is necessary to aid the execution of the warrant. (08/08/07)
At the conclusion of a warrant, officers shall return the searched location to some semblance of order (i.e., drawers will be placed back into dressers, clothes removed from drawers will be placed back inside, mattresses will be returned to their bed frames, etc.).
All case investigators shall document in a CAPRS report any damage done to property as a result of police actions. This documentation shall include damage done by the SWAT Warrant Detail to gain access to the premise and damage done by investigators as a result of lawfully searching for evidence. Damage done to vacant premises shall also be documented. This documentation must include the condition and detailed description of the property damaged; i.e., hollow core door vs. six panel oak door, porcelain sink vs. oak vanity with marble sink, etc. (08/08/07)
Investigators shall inform the Minneapolis Emergency Communications Center (MECC) and the on-duty supervisor of the involved precinct of the location where the warrant is to be served. When a squad is needed to assist an investigator with a search warrant, the district squad for the location where the warrant will be served shall be called upon to assist. If they are not available, MECC will contact another squad.
In the best interest of officer safety, MPD officers initiating a warrant in another jurisdiction shall contact the Communication Center that dispatches for the affected jurisdiction and request contact with the officer in charge. Where the potential of deadly force is an issue and could be contemplated, the law enforcement jurisdiction where the warrant is to be served should be responsible (depending on capability) for entry and securing the scene prior to the visiting jurisdiction assuming control.
MPD officers may serve warrants within the State of Minnesota. Officers in contact with a person suspected to be wanted on a warrant shall confirm that the warrant exists through MECC. If a warrant does exist for the individual, the suspect shall be transported to the Hennepin County Adult Detention Center (HCADC).
If a warrant is from out of state, officers shall obtain the number of the warrant from MECC and provide it to personnel at the HCADC.
An on-duty team from the Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) shall be used for serving all high-risk warrants described in the MPD Matrix Guidelines. SWAT personnel shall be used in all other situations where a “preplanned” entry in to a building or dwelling is necessary to arrest a suspect(s) who is believed to be armed and/or dangerous or when entry to the location may be hazardous or impeded because of warning systems, reinforced doors, or other impediments. (08/08/07)
The purpose of the team is to provide trained personnel and special equipment for the safe and expeditious execution of planned searches and arrests. Investigating officers will assist the operation and make all associated arrests.
A supervisor shall be present at briefings and executions of all planned search warrants.
Emergency or exigent circumstances can be cause to deviate from this policy. The emergency or exigent circumstances must be documented by the investigator or investigative supervisor in charge. The investigator/ affiant is responsible for completing the Search Warrant Risk Assessment form for all search warrants, whether the warrant team is utilized or not.
If available, suspect photographs should be obtained prior to serving felony warrants or when attempting felony pick-ups.
Requests for the SWAT’s on-duty team will be made to MECC. A SWAT team supervisor will designate the responding team members and direct them to a prearranged location for a briefing with the investigating officers. Tactical considerations for entering a dwelling and securing occupants is the responsibility of SWAT. (08/08/07)
Requests for SWAT assistance by outside agencies for serving search or arrest warrants shall also be referred to the on-duty Special Weapons and Tactics Team supervisor. (08/08/07)
Officers arresting a suspect who also has outstanding warrants, may process the suspect on both the warrant and the additional offense.
A nightcapped warrant is one that is signed by a judge authorizing the arrest of a party at any time. Non-night capped misdemeanor warrants may be executed at any time if the person is found on a public highway or street. In the event the individual is not discovered on a public highway or street, non-night capped misdemeanor warrants may only be executed Monday through Saturday between the hours of 0800 and 2200. There are no time restrictions on the execution of gross misdemeanor and felony warrants.