5-100 Code of Conduct
The code of conduct of the Minneapolis Police Department is promulgated by the Chief of Police by authority of the City Charter, Chapter 6, Section 1, as amended. This code is established to promote efficiency, discipline, and good public relations in setting forth policy governing the conduct of all Department employees.
The conduct of police officers is governed by the MPD Policy and Procedure Manual and applicable State and Federal law. All employees of the Minneapolis Police Department are required to maintain a working knowledge of and to obey the code of conduct, civil service rules, Departmental rules, policies, procedures and orders, ordinances of the City of Minneapolis, the laws of the State of Minnesota and the United States. The failure of an MPD employee to comply with the standards of conduct set forth in the Manual and in law will subject the employee to discipline and/or legal action. All disciplinary actions taken will be in accordance with Civil Service rules and provisions. (10/20/88) (12/01/08)
5-101.01 TRUTHFULNESS (01/26/05) (11/15/13)
The integrity of police service is based on truthfulness. Officers shall not willfully or knowingly make an untruthful statement, verbally or written, or knowingly omit pertinent information pertaining to his/her official duty as a Minneapolis Police Officer.
MPD employees shall not willfully or knowingly make an untruthful statement or knowingly omit pertinent information in the presence of any supervisor, intended for the information of any supervisor, or before any court or hearing. Officers shall not make any false statements to justify a criminal or traffic charge or seek to unlawfully influence the outcome of any investigation. (12/14/07)
These requirements apply to any report, whether verbal or written, concerning official MPD business including, but not limited to, written reports, transmissions to MECC and officers via radio, telephone, pager, e-mail or MDC.
MPD employees are obligated under this policy to respond fully and truthfully to questions about any action taken that relates to the employee’s employment or position regardless of whether such information is requested during a formal investigation or during the daily course of business. (12/14/07)
Any member of the Department who violates the code of conduct is subject to discipline. Discipline may range from a written reprimand to termination. Discipline shall be imposed following a sustained violation. Refer to Civil Service Rule 11.03 regarding discipline. (11/16/94) (03/08/95) (03/13/07) (11/15/13)
The Chief of Police may relieve a departmental employee with pay pending an investigation of an alleged violation of criminal law, or a violation of the code of conduct. Administrative leave is not discipline. (03/08/95) (03/13/07)
Probationary employees may be dismissed from service for failing to meet minimum performance standards or probationary training standards for violations of the code of conduct or for any other legal reason. There is no right of appeal for probationary employees unless the probationary employee is a veteran as provided by Civil Service Rules 11.06 and 11.07. (03/13/07)
Employees who no longer meet minimum job qualifications or who are no longer able to perform the essential functions of their job, for a period of 90 days or more due to a criminal conviction, court ordered restriction, driver’s license restriction, POST license restriction or other adverse legal action due to criminal behavior are subject to termination from employment. (03/13/07)
All sworn and civilian members of the department shall conduct themselves in a professional and ethical manner at all times and not engage in any on or off-duty conduct that would tarnish or offend the ethical standards of the department. Employees shall abide by the City’s Ethics in Government Policy, Chapter 15. (05/23/07)
MINNESOTA LAW ENFORCEMENT CODE OF ETHICS:
“As a Minnesota Law Enforcement Officer, my fundamental duty is to serve mankind; to safeguard lives and property; to protect the innocent against deception, the weak against oppression or intimidation, and the peaceful against violence or disorder; and to respect the Constitutional rights of all to liberty, equality and justice.
I will keep my private life unsullied as an example to all; maintain courageous calm in the face of danger, scorn, or ridicule; develop self-restraint; and be constantly mindful of the welfare of others. Honest in thought and deed in both by personal and official life, I will be exemplary in obeying the laws of the land and the regulations of my department. Whatever I see or hear of a confidential nature or that is confided to me in my official capacity will be kept ever secret unless revelation is necessary in the performance of my duty.
I will never act officiously or permit personal feelings, prejudices, animosities or friendships to influence my decisions. With no compromise for crime and with relentless prosecution of criminals, I will enforce the law courteously and appropriately without fear of favor, malice or ill will, never employing unnecessary force or violence and never accepting gratuities.
I recognize the badge of my office as a symbol of public faith, and I accept it as a public trust to be held so long as I am true to the ethics of the police service. I will constantly strive to achieve these objectives and ideals, dedicating myself before God to my chosen profession…law enforcement.”
The police profession is one that requires officers to use considerable judgment and discretion in the performance of their daily duties. Officers have a large body of knowledge from Department policies and procedures, training, their own professional police experience and the experiences of their fellow officers to guide them in exercising proper judgment and discretion in situations not specifically addressed by Department rules and regulations. In addition, officers must always adhere to the following principles in the course of their employment with the Minneapolis Police Department:
- POLICE ACTION – LEGALLY JUSTIFIED: Officers must act within the limits of their authority as defined by law and judicial interpretation, thereby ensuring that the constitutional rights of individuals and the public are protected.
- EQUALITY OF ENFORCEMENT: Officers shall provide fair and impartial law enforcement to all citizens.
- LOYALTY: Officers shall be faithful to their oath of office, strive to uphold the principles of professional police service, and advance the mission of the Department.
The MPD is committed to unbiased policing and to reinforcing procedures that ensure that police service and law enforcement is provided in a fair and equitable manner to all.
1. All investigative detentions, pedestrian and vehicle stops, arrests, searches and seizures of property by officers will be based on a standard of reasonable suspicion or probable cause in accordance with the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution and statutory authority. Officers must be able to articulate specific facts, circumstances and conclusions that support reasonable suspicion or probable cause for a pedestrian or vehicle stop, investigative detention, arrest, non-consensual search or property seizure. (12/24/01)
Except as provided below, officers shall not consider race, ethnicity, national origin, gender, sexual orientation or religion in establishing either reasonable suspicion or probable cause:
Officers may take into account the reported race, ethnicity, gender or national origin of a specific suspect or suspects on credible, reliable, recent, locally-based information that links specific suspected unlawful or suspicious activity to a particular individual or group of individuals of a particular race, ethnicity, gender or nationality. This information may be used in the same way officers use specific information regarding age, height, weight, etc. about specific suspects. (12/24/01)
2. No person shall be singled out or treated differently as a consequence of his/her race, ethnicity, national origin, gender, sexual orientation or religion.
Officers shall use the following practices when contacting any citizen, regardless of the reason for the contact: (07/24/15)
- Be courteous, respectful, polite and professional.
- Introduce or identify themselves to the citizen and explain the reason for the contact as soon as practical, unless providing this information will compromise the safety of officers or other persons.
- Ensure that the length of any detention is no longer than necessary to take appropriate action for the known or suspected offense. (07/24/15)
- Attempt to answer any relevant questions that the citizen may have regarding the citizen/officer contact, including relevant referrals to other city or county agencies when appropriate.
- Provide name and badge number when requested, preferably in writing or on a business card.
- Explain and/or apologize if you determine that the reasonable suspicion was unfounded (e.g. after an investigatory stop).
- If asked, provide the procedures for filing a complaint about police services or conduct.
- All officers are required to take appropriate police action toward aiding a fellow officer exposed to danger or in a situation where danger may be impending.
- On-duty officers shall, at all times, take appropriate action within their jurisdiction, to protect life and property, preserve the peace, prevent crime, detect and arrest violators of the law, and enforce all federal, state and local laws and ordinances. (02/28/93)
- Officers shall use reasonable judgment in carrying out their duties and responsibilities. They need to weigh the consequences of their actions. (04/01/05) (05/03/05)
- Employees shall not interfere with any criminal investigation being conducted by this department or any other law enforcement agency. Employees shall not knowingly communicate in any manner, either directly or indirectly, any information that may assist persons suspected or accused of criminal acts to escape arrest or punishment or which may enable them to dispose of evidence.
Employees shall not recommend a dismissal, reduction of charges, or other disposition of a pending criminal case which has been previously filed in any criminal court or before a grand jury except by written approval of their division commander. A copy of the approval will be kept in the case file.
Employees shall not interfere with the attendance of witnesses or their testimony through coercion, bribery or other means.
- Employees shall not attempt to have any traffic citation reduced, voided, or stricken from the calendar for personal or monetary consideration. (See Dismissal of Traffic/Parking Charges and Citations)
- Employees shall immediately report any violation of rules, regulations, or laws that come to their attention to the Internal Affairs Unit, regardless of the violator’s assignment or rank within the Department.
- Any employee charged, arrested, or cited for Driving Under the Influence (DUI) or a non-traffic violation, or notified they are being investigated for a criminal offense, shall immediately notify their chain of command and Internal Affairs or an on-duty supervisor, who will notify the Internal Affairs Unit. Notification shall consist of personal telephone communication (no voicemail messages) or written contact. Required information is the formal charge or allegation, date, time, and jurisdiction of alleged occurrence, and any special or relevant factors. (4/1/05)
Employees will also notify the Internal Affairs Unit of the disposition at the time the charge or case is disposed. (10/28/94) (03/12/99)
When an employee is notified that an Order for Protection (OFP), Restraining Order (RA), or a Harassment Order (HA) has been filed against him or her, the employee shall immediately notify Internal Affairs and provide a copy of the OFP, RA, or HA, and the date scheduled for hearing the allegations made in support of the request for the order. The information is required for department compliance with Federal Law 18 U.S.C. Sec. 922 (g)(8). (01/05/2000)
- Sworn employees shall maintain a valid driver’s license that is accepted by the State of Minnesota at all times as a condition of employment. Sworn employees shall immediately report loss or limitation of driving privileges to their supervisor and to the Internal Affairs Unit. (04/23/10)
- Employees shall give their name and/or badge number to any person upon request.
- Employees shall not use indecent, profane or unnecessarily harsh language in the performance of official duties or in the presence of the public.
- Soliciting or accepting personal gifts: 05/23/07)
- Employees shall not solicit or accept any gift from an interested person, lobbyist or principal who has a direct financial interest in a decision that that the employee is authorized to make.
- Exceptions. The prohibitions in this section do not apply if the gift is:
- A campaign contribution as defined in Minnesota Statutes, Section 10A.01, subd 11;
- A service to assist an official in the performance of official duties, including, but not limited to providing advice, consultation, information and communication in connection with legislation, or services to constituents;
- A service of insignificant monetary value;
- A plaque or similar memento recognizing individual services in a field of specialty or to a charitable cause;
- A trinket or memento of insignificant value;
- Informational material of unexceptional value;
- Food or a beverage given at a reception, meal or meeting away from the recipient’s place of work by an organization before who the recipient appears to make a speech or answer questions as part of the program;
- Given because of the recipient’s membership in a group, and an equivalent gift is given to the other members of the group; or
- Given by an interested person, lobbyist, or principal who is a related person to the recipient, unless the gift is given on behalf of someone who is not a related person.
- An employee who receives any gift prohibited by this section shall return, dispose of, or request that the city council accept the gift on behalf of the city.
- Employees shall treat all fellow employees with respect. They shall be courteous and civil at all times with one another. When on duty in the presence of other employees or the public, officers should be referred to by rank.
- Employees shall not publicly criticize or ridicule the Department, its policies or other employees as to the performance of their duties in a manner which is defamatory, obscene, unlawful, or in any other manner which impairs the effective operation of the Department or in a manner which displays a reckless or knowing disregard for the truth. This regulation shall not be construed so as to impair the exercise of free speech by employees on matters of public concern.
- Employees shall not use any derogatory language or actions which are intended to embarrass, humiliate, or shame a person, or do anything intended to incite another to violence.
- Employees shall be decorous in their language and conduct. They shall refrain from actions or words that bring discredit to the Department. They shall also not use words or terms which hold any person, group or organization up to contempt. The use of such unacceptable terms is strictly forbidden. (04/01/93)
Employees shall not display material that may be considered discriminatory, derogatory, or biased in or on City property. Specifically, discriminatory, derogatory or biased materials regarding race, color, creed, religion, ancestry, national origin, sex, affectional preference, disability, age, marital status, public assistance, or familial housing are prohibited. Such materials include, but are not limited to, calendars, cartoons, and posters. (10/18/92)
- Employees shall conduct themselves in the buildings and offices of the Department in a manner which would not discredit the Department.
Employees shall not bring to or keep any dangerous drug, narcotic, or alcohol beverage on departmental premises except for evidentiary purposes.
- Any money other than that received from unclaimed properties paid or sent to any employee as a result of on-duty police action shall be promptly forwarded to MPD Finance. (03/21/97)
All property received as a result of on-duty police action shall be forwarded to the Property and Evidence Unit. The Property and Evidence Unit shall dispose of unclaimed property according to their policy and procedure manual. The property shall be disposed of by being sent to the City Store or to the Minneapolis Police Relief Association in accordance with state law. (03/21/97)
Employees shall not act as an intermediary in the payment of a reward for the return of stolen property without written authorization by the Chief of Police or his/her designee.
- Employees shall avoid regular or continuous associations or dealings with persons whom they know, or should know, are under criminal investigation or indictment or who have a reputation in the community or Department for present involvement in criminal behavior, except as necessary in the performance of official duties, or when unavoidable because of family ties to the employee.
- Employees shall not engage or participate in any form of illegal gambling at any time except in the performance of duty under specific orders of a superior officer.
- Off-duty employees shall not carry any firearm or ammunition while using drugs or controlled substances, or while using or under the influence of alcohol. (05/05/89) (04/01/93)
- Employees shall never be under the influence of alcohol while on duty. A reading of .02 blood/alcohol concentration is considered under the influence of alcohol. Employees shall not consume alcoholic beverages while on duty or in uniform unless it’s necessary in the performance of a non-uniformed officer’s undercover work. (3/12/99)
Employees shall not consume alcoholic beverages while off-duty to the extent that they are considered under the influence of alcohol when reporting for duty.
No employee shall be under the influence of any drug while on duty. When an employee is prescribed medication that may affect an employee mentally or physically, that employee will notify his/her supervisor and MPD Human Resources.
- Uniformed officers shall render a military salute to the National Anthem, United States Flag or ceremonies at appropriate times. Officers in civilian dress shall render proper civilian honors to the United States Flag and National Anthem at appropriate times.
Uniformed officers at parades need salute only the massed national colors at the head of the parade. When the flag is six paces from the officer, the flag shall be faced and a hand salute rendered until the flag is six paces beyond the officer. Other United States Flags may be saluted if the officer’s immediate attention to duty is not necessary.
- Employees shall pay all debts when due and shall not undertake any financial obligations which they know or should know they will be unable to meet. An isolated instance of financial irresponsibility will not be grounds for discipline except in unusually severe cases. However, repeated instances of financial difficulty may be cause for disciplinary action. Filing for a voluntary bankruptcy petition shall not, by itself, be cause for discipline. Financial difficulties stemming from unforeseen medical expenses or personal disaster shall not be cause for discipline provided that a good faith effort to settle all accounts is being undertaken. (10/20/88)
- Employees shall not purchase, or have purchased for them, any auto/property sold at a city auction. Employees are also prohibited from owning any such auto/property purchased at a city auction for one year after the date that the auto/property is sold at the city auction. (01/10/97)
In an effort to remain professional at all times, including department-sanctioned social events, the following guidelines shall be followed:
- Officers are not allowed to solicit door prizes while on-duty or in the name of the Minneapolis Police Department for an event.
- Attendance at off-duty events is optional.
- Awarding alcoholic beverages as door prizes is prohibited.
- Complimentary alcoholic beverages are prohibited.
- If the event is not held on police department property, advertising at a public establishment connecting the gathering to the MPD is prohibited.
- Officers drinking alcoholic beverages at any department-sanctioned event are prohibited from carrying any firearms.
- Supervisors, while in attendance at said events, are reminded that they are responsible for the actions of officers under their command at an event.
- Inappropriate behavior at an event should immediately be reported to a supervisor.
If security is needed for an event, arrangements should be made by the organizer.
- Officers shall respond without delay to calls for police service unless otherwise directed by proper authority. Emergency calls for service shall take precedence. However, all dispatched calls shall be answered as soon as possible consistent with departmental procedures. If officers need to temporarily go out-of-service on a detail or otherwise be unavailable for calls, they shall notify their immediate supervisor and request permission for such details. (03/25/08)
- Officers shall provide emergency medical care when necessary. The care provided shall be consistent with their EMS training. The protocols found in the handbook “Effective First Response” provided by the Hennepin County Medical Center should be used as general guidelines for administering emergency medical care. (08/31/93)
- Employees shall remain alert, observant, and occupied with police business during their tour of duty. When on duty, employees shall devote their entire attention to the business of the Department. It is a violation of this order for employees to conduct personal or private business while on duty or for officers to engage in policing for private interests while on duty.
- Employees shall not make referrals to any attorney or other business from on-duty contacts.
- On-duty officers shall be armed at all times in the City of Minneapolis except where prohibited. Weapons must conform to Department specifications.
- All sworn personnel shall carry their badge, handcuffs, and identification card at all times while on duty or in uniform unless the nature of the assignment would dictate non-police identification.
- Officers shall have prior approval of a supervisor before initiating undercover investigations while on duty.
- Employees shall not allow anyone not employed by the Department to enter a police facility without permission of a supervisor.
- Employees shall not permit any person to enter a police facility to sell goods, offer them for sale, or to canvas or solicit for any purpose without authorization from the facility’s acting commander.
- Officers working uniformed patrol or in a marked squad who wish to go out of service for a meal break shall request OTL status from the MECC dispatcher. The request must include the requested OTL location. The dispatcher may grant or deny OTL status based on call load and staffing levels. (9/7/05)
Employees shall not take excessive time for meals and officers working two-officer squads must take OTL at the same time. (9/7/05)
No more than three marked or unmarked squads may be OTL at the same public location unless officers are also participating in a community event. (9/7/05)
- No officer shall arrest any person or search any premises except with a warrant or where such arrest or search is authorized without warrant under the laws of the United States.
- No officer shall falsely arrest, or direct any malicious prosecution against any person.
- No employee shall willfully mistreat or give inhumane treatment to any person held in custody.
- Officers shall not render aid or assistance in civil cases except to prevent an immediate breach of the peace or to quell an existing disturbance. Officers may inform any citizen of the steps necessary to institute a civil suit or advise citizens on protecting their rights.
- Employees shall not willfully misrepresent any matter, sign any false statement or report, or commit perjury before any court, grand jury or judicial hearing.
- Employees shall not knowingly remove or destroy, or cause such action, to any report, document, or record without authorization.
- Employees shall not give any lawyer, bondsman, agent of either, or any other person unauthorized or confidential information regarding prisoners in confinement, suspects in a case, property held, or records of the Department.
- Employees shall not make known any information concerning the progress or future actions to be taken on an open investigation to any person not authorized to receive such information by the case investigator or the commanding officer of the investigating unit.